Stress: how it interact with your body, what can you do to manage stress

Stress is a silent killer and cause many health and psychological problems, especially teenagers are more encountered. We stressed in our life by many ways like death of our loved one, divorce, loss of job, getting married, emotional problems like low self-esteem, guilt and grief, theft, lack of money and time and violence against loved one. Now a day stress is a major problem, large number of people can be seen in stress condition. There are no exceptions regarding age even young children are facing this issue. If it is not managed, individual may commit suicide.

How can you identify one is stressed
Here are some visual sign of stress which might be helpful for you
   Nail biting
   Lack of concentration
   Forgetfulness
   Depression
   Sadness
   Social withdrawal
   Eating too much or too little
   Sleeping irregularities
   Headache
   Loss of interest in activities
Palmer in 1989 defined the stress as psychological, physiological and behavioral response by an individual when they perceive a lack of equilibrium between the demand s placed upon them and their ability to meet their demands, which, over period of time, leads to ill-health.

Mechanism of stress in body
Our body’s nervous system contains several divisions and central division is brain and spinal cord, while peripheral division is comprised of autonomic and somatic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system has direct control over our response to stress. When our body is in stressed condition, central nervous system shows response in the form of fight or flight. As a result brain send signal to endocrine system of our body that stimulate the harmones like cortisol and epinephrine (these are called stress harmones). These harmones and brain work together to cause heart beat faster, increasing respiration rate, glucose level, digestion process may changes to combat with emergency situation. In short all your body responds to stress causing imbalance of harmones, energy level and ultimately affecting your behavior.


                                             
When we suffer from extreme stress condition for prolonged time, it greatly cause
   Anxiety
   Depression
   High blood pressure that is major cause of brain stroke
   Heart attack
   Bone mineral density that affects new bone formation
   Could be a cause of cancer in case of chronic stress
   It can cause hair loss when lasts for 3 months
   It accounts for 30% fertility problems
   Stress may aggravates acne
   Cortisol, a stress harmone, may accumulate fat in abdomen

How to manage stress
Here are some stress management techniques which you will find helpful
   First of all you should accept that there are some situations that you cannot control
   Learn about some relaxation techniques like yoga and meditation
   Exercise regularly. It greatly reduces your stress
   Learn to say “no” to people that may reduce excessive stress of responsibility
   Adopt healthy hobbies and activities
  Make sure you are getting healthy sleep hours. It helps you to your body to recover       from stressful events
   Always eat healthy food and dark chocolates
   Spend more time with your friends and family
   Talk to your parents about your problems
   Seek professional help if prolonged
We must manage stress situation otherwise it will drain our all energy and cause imbalance in our life.







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